Tobacco Control Legal Consortium, Regulating Tobacco Advertising and Promotion: A “Commerce Clause” Overview for State and Local Governments
This article focuses on the signing of a law by President Barack Obama on June 22, 2009 where he signed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. The act was to allow the United States Food and Drug Administration the authority to regulate the market, manufacture and the sale of tobacco products. Regulations of this act were to be focused on all the states and local governments in the United States. It is a law that was implemented in all the states in America and it is relevant to the state that this paper will focus on. In addition to this, the law was signed in 2009 and is effective today and has served the purpose by giving restrictions. This article will focus on ensuring that the reader is able to understand the potential ways that a state or a local regulation of any tobacco product promotion and marketing might be limited by the United States Constitution Commerce Clause. Based on the collaborative legal networks, this article is relevant as it shows a summary of the drafting tips of this law and the considerations.
ARTICLE TWO: GlobalSmokeFree Partnership (2009) The Trend Toward Smokefree Outdoor Areas: FCTC Article 8-plus Series
This article presents the policy that focuses on the trend towards smoke free outdoor areas. As a policy that has been in effect globally, it related to the United States and it is relevant in this study. The article seeks to present background papers on challenging issues that affect the smoke free air policy that is not addressed fully by the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) or any or its framework. Contents of this policy are focused on a residential and a quasi-residential setting and for the outdoor areas, smoking can cause hard to human beings, destroy the environment and other forms of harm. This policy is still effective today and by seeking for ways to solve the challenges affecting the policy, then it means that it is a policy that is worth following to reduce the cases of tobacco use. The main challenge in implementing this policy is the fact it is not possible to control people at different outdoor smoking zones, hence it is still hard to interpret. This is relevant in this study as it will assist in detecting the impact of outdoor smoking when focusing on trying to reduce the smoking cases.
ARTICLE THREE: WHO. (2009) Protect people from tobacco smoke: Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2009
As a way to ensure that people are safe from smokers, a policy that is focused on protecting people from tobacco smoke has been put across in this article. This paper presents worldwide statistics of the rate of exposure to smoking and is a sign that there is still a lot to be done. In this case, the data presented shows that these are findings of the entire world and that they are focused on overall world statistics. This policy was implemented in 2009 as it sought to protect people from inhaling second hand smoke. This policy is effective in today’s society as mainly it aims to protect mothers and their children. Challenges for the implementation is the fear to penetrate through households and end the smoking that will take place regardless of who is responsible and who is in the house. This relates to the research as it acts as a gap that shows there is be filled in this aspect. This policy seeks to help families that are affected by second hand smoke and how best they can avoid it.
ARTICLE FOUR: Action on Smoking and Health (2014): ASH Fact Sheet on young people and smoking: United Kingdom.
This is a data sheet that has been used to reflect the smoking cases in the United Kingdom. The findings of this article show that there is a high prevalence of smoking cases in the United Kingdom. The main reason as to why this paper is important in this study is due to the fact that it provides a comparison of the statistics that are available in the United Kingdom and the United States. An evaluation is important so as to understand what role each aspect play when it comes to dealing with legislation in the United Kingdom and the United States. Solutions through the law have been presented as well as the relevant data that is required for the facts on smoking in the United Kingdom.
ARTICLE FIVE: Hirasuna, D. (2006). Review of Economic Studies on Smoking Bans in Bars and Restaurants. Minnesota House of Representatives: Research Department
Creating a ban on smoking in bars and restaurants is an idea that seems impossible and hard to achieve but Minnesota has made it in implementing this law. These mean that there is an issue when it comes to the smoking in areas where there are people who are not smoking, hence the ban. This was implemented in 2006 and it is effective today. The policy has been able to create a punishment system that is focused on ensuring that people are heavily fined when they are found smoking in these areas. The main challenge in implementing is the fact that in some bars, they have created smoking zones which make it easier for them to smoke any time. The issue this policy seeks to address is on the reduction on second hand smoke.